Glulam houses in Scandinavian style
Glulam houses in Scandinavian style
Scandinavian design is a design of the Nordic countries: Finland, Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Iceland. These countries have similar geography and historical destiny, and apart from it they have always stood apart from the rest of Europe. All this may explain the similarity of their life priorities. The main symbol of prosperity and success for the Scandinavian people has always been a safe, convenient and comfortable home. Scandinavian designers created such kind of a home, which is comfortable and democratic. And they did achieve outstanding success in this special Scandinavian style of house design. Scandinavian house design began to develop in the early 80-ies of the 19th century.
The basis philosophy and the driving force of this style was the idea "More beautiful things every day". With the development of industrial production and its broadening on everyday objects, convenient and affordable interior has become a reality. Stockholm International Exhibition in 1930 showed the world the achievements of Scandinavian design, which combined aesthetic and consumer qualities in one. After the exhibition in the United States and Canada in 1950, the term "Scandinavian design" appeared in the literature, and Scandinavian style began its triumphal march around the world. Northern European dream of a warm, bright and cozy house embodied the natural desires of people, wherever they live.
Scandinavian design bases on the principle of simplicity and naturalness. It combined the two aspects of life - the practical and aesthetic.
The main qualities of the practical component of the Scandinavian style are functionality, usability, meaningful choice of every detail in the furnishing. The aesthetic impression in the Scandinavian style is a feeling of lightness, freshness and abundance of light. Style is pointedly laconic and restrained, so it is sometimes called the Scandinavian minimalism. However, in contrast to the minimalism, which is more suitable for the decoration of the office than an apartment or house, Scandinavian home interior is friendly and downhome, elegant and democratic.
Scandinavian style is characterized by laconism, beauty and simplicity of forms. It is known by its comfort and versatility. Therefore, glulam house in the Scandinavian style is often a one-or two-storied building, which performs in its architecture as the main features of this architectural style. Scandinavia is notable for quite a harsh climate, therefore most of the houses in this style are constructed taking into account the climatic features of the country. Most likely, this is why the Scandinavian glulam cottages have become so popular in countries with similar climate, especially in the northern regions. Since the Scandinavian countries pay great attention to the heat supply facilities, glulam timber is usually used in the construction of houses in Scandinavian style. These homes are built with regularized round timber or from glued laminated timber. Also recently Finnish cottages have become popular.
Front of a building in Scandinavian style. The main features.
Most often, the front of Scandinavian glulam houses does not have any special finishing. If necessary, timber is varnished and tinted. Which allows the texture of wood play a major role in building exterior. Much uncommon variant of front decorating is wooden front painting, usually warm tones of colors are used: brown, red, ruddy, beige. High and large windows are the most characteristic feature of Scandinavian houses. Also panoramic windows are often used to create this architectural style. Large windows allow a lot of natural light to let in the house, which is a characteristic feature of the style. The emphasis is made on a massive wooden frame of windows, to emphasize the reliability of the design and chastity of the style, as well as environmental focus. Like many other styles, Scandinavian style does not include in its construction the ground floor. Ideally, the glulam house must have the elements of masonwork, but also there can be a variety of alternatives: siding, brickwork, ventilated facades.
The roof, according to the Scandinavian construction technology, can be made of tiles or painted metal. Copper is also often used in roofing work. Nowadays different kinds of polymeric materials are used in the construction of the roof in the Scandinavian house. The most common form of the roof is pitched with a steep angle of slope. This is made to ease snow removal. Very often landscaping is used for the roofs of houses, designed in a Scandinavian style: grass grows directly on the roof of the glulam house.
The house planning
The "heart" of the Scandinavian Glulam House is a spacious living room, with a dining room sometimes supplemented. There can be a fireplace or a small potbelly stove. The doors from the living room lead into a small bedrooms, as it is common practice that most of the time is spent in the living room all together. That is why the construction of the large bedrooms is not provided. The house can have 2 or 3 bathrooms: in the attic and on each floor.
Most commonly in the Scandinavian style the arrangement of the attic, and the underground floor is not provided, which saves heating.
Any non-residential space (for example, a summer kitchen or storeroom) is organized in a specially constructed separate buildings, designed in this architectural style.
Scandinavian glulam home style is characterized by bright rooms, so the building should have large windows overlooking on all four sides, stanzas, balconies, attic windows. Another reason why in a Scandinavian style large windows are required is that due to climate conditions of northern countries there is a short supply of sunlight. To reduce heat loss through the glass energy-saving window units can be used for balconies and windows. Plastic steel windows constructions with light wood imitation are also popular nowadays.
Staircase and terrace
Terrace in the Scandinavian glulam house can be closed or outdoor patio, and the staircase usually has convent benches.
The must-have element of Scandinavian style is a large wooden staircase, painted in white color. Staircase support beams may be decorated with wood carving. Large terraces are traditional for Scandinavian glulam homes, as they extend the small space of the cottages. Very often two terraces are equipped, they can be glassed or open, located at the front or go out to the backyard, they can have a railing or not.
Scandinavian style is a harmonious blend of intelligent restraint and a certain severity. Therefore, the glulam house interior in Scandinavian style is characterized by the natural colors and bright, spacious rooms, furnished with only necessary furniture. The space in the glulam home is laconically and correctly organized, all the details of the furnishing are thought out. All furniture in the Scandinavian home is made of natural light wood (cedar, spruce, pine, birch), coated with a transparent varnish. The walls are decorated only in bright colors. Parquet plank are better used for the floor, which will underline once again the naturalness of this style. The dominant colors in the furnishing should be white and blue, and sometimes green color, variations of turquois, amber-yellow and gray are used. Scandinavian glulam house does not have unnecessary things, useless accessories and knick-knacks. There may be a variety of glass vases, transmitting light and brining more light into the room. All houses in the Scandinavian style from glued laminated timber are not only beautiful and laconic, but also well-balanced and harmonious. They are simple houses of good quality that are ideal for our climate.
Country glulam house constructed in a Scandinavian style can not be florid, it always has a simple and beautiful shape. It is comfortable and cozy. Typically, these homes have one or two floors, no more then that. However all necessary space to ensure a modern level of comfort are among them.
The glulam house in Scandinavian style directly point to the fact that his hosts are people with a developed sense of taste, who appreciate comfort and convenience. This style is more likely chosen by middle-aged people, committed to family values.
Scandinavian design hardly can be named exotic, but it looks very modern. Yet this style has its distinct national features, but they are reflected not in ethnic patterns and household items, but in the general spirit of the Scandinavian glulam house. Designers of Nordic countries could create the style that reflects the particular way of life and the main character feature of the Scandinavian nation: self-command, calmness, thrift, love to the nature and domesticity.
Another characteristic feature of Scandinavian style is environmentally friendly materials. Timber is the most widely used material, most species of wood. In indoor interior natural fabrics are popular (linen, cotton, wool), as well as ceramics, glass, metal. Along with natural materials synthetic materials are used, which allows to make furniture convenient and cheaper in production. For example, melamine plates in combination with wood became widely popular.
The Scandinavian interior style uses gentle pastel shades of beige, yellow, blue, pink, green, with a predominance of white in the interior. Light colors visually enlarge the space and make the room lighter. The reasonable use of red, cherry, terracotta, cobalt blue or grass green paint add bright touches in a sober color palette. The warm colors of the home in a Scandinavian style allow enjoying all year round the feeling of brightness of a sunny summer day.
Scandinavian interior style is characterized by clean lines, lots of light and a minimum of decoration. Accessories in this kind of style are frequent; they are not florid but always functional. Lighting plays an important role, so there are many different sources of light in the interior: table lamps, floor lamps, wall lamps, ceiling lamps. Mirrors are widely used to visually expand the space and add light to the room. Houseplants complete the natural impression of naturalness of the Scandinavian house and enliven the laconic interior.
Furniture is simple in form, functional and at the same time light and elegant. Light or painted white wood of simple species is used for its production: birch, pine, beech. Modular systems are really very popular, allowing creating an original interior out of standard elements. The combination of wood and metal creates a feeling of lightness in furniture designs.
Soft furniture is square-angled or slightly rounded which makes the shape be in harmony with the cabinet furniture. Upholstery is made of natural fabrics, leather or suede. Very often soft furniture is covered with light linen covers, and then the interior gets country shade and looks even brighter. Particular attention is paid to the convenience of the furniture, which is usually achieved by ergonomic shape of the seats. Chairs designed by famous Scandinavian designers - Arne Jacobsen, Alvar Aalto - have become the hallmark of Scandinavian furniture design, a model of ergonomics and quality furniture.
Natural simpleness and well-thought functionality of Scandinavian style made it one of the world's most popular style designs. Democratic Scandinavian design and is ideal for confirmed bachelors and couples, for those who appreciate the warmth of home environment and freedom in home design. This is truly a cross functional style, solid, harmonious and comfortable.
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